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About Botswana

Botswana is a developing landlocked country located in Southern Africa sharing boundaries with Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Zambia. Its capital city which is in the south-eastern part of the country is called Gaborone. It has a population of approximately 2.5 million people. Most of the population is concentrated in the eastern part of the country. The country assumed its new name after becoming independent on 30 September 1966. Before then, it was the British protectorate and was called Bechuanaland. Since independence, the country has a steady record of uninterrupted democratic elections and it is the best-observed corruption ranking in Africa for the last five years.

Botswana’s climate is a subtropical climate or semi-arid, with hot summer temperatures, but not in comparison to regions of low altitude in the Sahara or Sahel. In the western part of the country lies the Kalahari Desert that stretches around 360,000 square miles across Botswana, Namibia and South Africa. Botswana is over 70% the Kalahari Desert. The picture below shows Kalahari sand dunes.

download 6 - About Botswana

Botswana’s cuisine is no different from any of other countries’. Botswana staple food is sorghum, usually called bogobe and wild pumpkin (lerotse). Botswana’s food includes rice, spaghetti, macaroni, maize meal, and always bogobe jwa lerotse (wild pumpkin meal). Some other foods found in the country include pork, chicken beef, and lamb. There is only one type of bread in Botswana which is made out of flower. The term Botswana emanates from the term Batswana that refers to the largest ethnic group in the country. These people originated from South Africa and share the same origin with the Tswana of South Africa.

The Botswana tourism industry has experienced a very strong growth in recent years. According to the University of Botswana, the number of holiday visitors increased extremely over the years and it is still growing (over 90 % increase from 1993 to current). Despite the fact that it is termed ‘in third-world Africa’, it is the fastest developing country in Africa. The country’s economy is boosted by tourism, agriculture (beef) and diamonds. The most historical site worth seeing is the Matsieng, a place that contains up to 117-foot engravings, which date back between 3,000 to 10,000 years. Most of the tourist attractions are on the far north side of the country. Two of these areas are the Okavango Delta which was formed as part of the Kalahari basin and the Makgadikgadi pans. The lion, leopard, elephant, black rhino and buffalo form the big wild animal population in Botswana.

Top 5 Kid-Friendly Places in Gaborone…Click here

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